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The psychology of eating. Types of eating behaviors: which one do you belong to?

Eating behavior is a current and very popular topic right now. It is not just those who want to get rid of excess weight or its deficit who turn to specialists for advice. You can only change externally in a duet with internal changes. And to do this, it is necessary to analyze all the processes by which the body reacts to the emotional background.

Food addictions

It is important to understand that the psychology of eating behavior is individual for each person. There can be no recommendations here, especially those that relate to prohibitions and restrictions. In General, only a small number of people are suitable for restrictive measures. Most of us, observing a strict diet and "finishing off" ourselves with training not for fun, begin to accumulate stress. Which is removed verified and the most popular way is with food. Moreover, the one that makes the body produce insulin, spur up pleasure hormones and cause addiction – these are sweets, fatty foods, fast carbohydrates. Then comes the feeling of guilt for what you've eaten, as if in a haze, again asceticism and-voila-again accumulated stress. The circle closes even for possible deviations in one direction or another.

Psychotherapy is the only long-term way to control weight. It is with the help of psychotherapy that you can identify and eliminate the causes that lead to problems in eating behavior.

Eating disorders can be divided into several types. By finding out the specifics of eating behavior, you can also find its causes.

1. A type of restrictive (diet)

People with this type of eating behavior limit themselves quite severely, are sensitive to the "correctness" of food, and prefer everything that is exclusively "healthy, without GMOs and only eco". At least, they say tell yourself that they eat it. With this way of eating, tension builds up and periods of food punishment and encouragement endlessly alternate each other.

2. Type emotional (emotiogenic)

Most popular. It is he who makes up 70% of all food disorders. A person eats not because he is hungry, but because he is depressed, anxious, and stressed. Food is the same friend who puts his shoulder up to it in time. Eating something delicious and quickly satisfying is much easier than learning to manage your emotions on your own. It is necessary to establish connections between emotions and the body with the help of a specialist and come to a conscious diet.

3. Type external

In this case, the person does not jam anything, and does not try to understand and control their behavior. Here food for company and under the influence of external stimuli. It can be an attractive set table, advertising on TV, a person taking food nearby. There is no physical hunger, but there are pleasant sensations from the view, aroma and taste. Food for the future, in reserve, is perceived by the body as a way to survive possible hunger.

Reasons for eating disorders

There are two reasons for eating disorders. In the first case, it is physiology. For example, changing your job can lead to changes in diet, and, as a result, to an increase or decrease in body weight. This also includes natural age-related changes or hormonal adjustment after childbirth – a period when the diet needs to be adjusted and change the composition.

The second set of reasons is social reasons. The lack of the Internet, the passion for cooking, a lot of open sources with tempting recipes, the tradition of gathering at a variously set table, a huge amount of advertising-all this leads to eating without food goals. Everything takes place here, except the feeling of hunger – it is inconvenient to refuse, for company, overeating. Social cause eating disorders require deep study.

Author: Tatyana Ksenofontova, psychologist

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